So it is that today's men of learning would agree that Imhotep is probably more famous for the building of King Djoser pyramid at Saqqara. If the title of father of medicine is disputed, what is not disputed, is his title as the father of Architecture.
His tomb is thought to be near the Step Pyramid near to where I am standing in the photo, and because of this, several thousand people were buried near to his tomb. It seems even in death, people felt that this physician and religious leader would be of use to them.38
It is here that there is one of the oldest records of a surgical procedure, the circumcision. Translated the writing says "Hold him so that he doesn't faint". This is at the Mastab of AnkhMahor.
Sir William Osler tells us that Imhotep was the:
"..First figure of a physician to stand out clearly from the mists of antiquity."39
Imhotep diagnosed and treated over 200 diseases, 15 diseases of the abdomen, 11 of the bladder, 10 of the rectum, 29 of the eyes, and 18 of the skin, hair, nails and tongue. Imhotep treated tuberculosis, gallstones, appendicitis, gout and arthritis. He also performed surgery and practiced some dentistry.
Imhotep extracted medicine from plants. He also knew the position and function of the vital organs and circulation of the blood system.
The Encyclopaedia Britannica says:
"The evidence afforded by Egyptian and Greek texts support the view that Imhotep's reputation was very respected in early times. His prestige increased with the lapse of centuries and his temples in Greek times were the centres of medical teachings."
Denial ain't just a river in Egypt. 40