The PioneersThe MilitaryReferences

John Hunter (1728-1793)

John Hunter came to London in 1748 at the age of 20 and worked as an assistant in the anatomy school of his elder brother William.
Under William’s direction, John studied human anatomy and showed great aptitude in the dissection and preparation of specimens.

 William also arranged for him to study under the eminent surgeons William Cheselden (1688-1752) and Percival Pott (1714-1788). 

Among John Hunter's pupils were John Abernethy, Ashley Cooper and a certain Edward Jenner who went on to produce a vaccine for smallpox.
In 1790, John Hunter became Surgeon General to the Land Forces and first General of Hospitals. 
John Hunter was a brilliant surgeon and has been labelled the man who made surgery into a science.
Hunter developed amongst numerous things a forerunner of the ventilator we use today although crude using hand bellows.
Unfortunately, Hunter died after only three years in office whilst working at St Georges Hospital, interestingly, his post-mortem was carried out by his brother in Law Everard Home. 
Field hospitals appeared until 1793, in Ireland during the Orange wars against James II. Although these were better than nothing at all, they were far behind the armies of Europe.

He was originally placed into a crypt at St Martin in the Fields but his body was moved to Westminster Abbey in 1859, this alone shows you of his important contribution to medicine.