William Hunter 1718-1783
William Hunter was born at Long Calderwood Farm
near Glasgow in 1718. He was educated at Glasgow University
in 1731 and later studied medicine at Edinburgh. In 1741, he
moved to London.
William Hunter quickly became well known as a physician,
especially as an obstetrician and built up a distinguished
clientele, which included members of the Royal Family.
He also established himself as a teacher of surgery and
anatomy, and assembled a collection of anatomical and
pathological specimens, which were used to support his
In 1768 he opened a medical school at his house in Great
Windmill Street. As his reputation - and wealth -
grew, Hunter also collected works of art as well as coins,
books, manuscripts and curiosities. After his death in 1783
William Hunter bequeathed his entire collection to
Glasgow University, where it formed the basis of the
Hunterian Museum which opened in 1807.