Nicolas Andry 1658-1742
Nicolas Andry was born in 1658 in Lyon France. He originally started his career in the ministry and became a priest; he went on to teach theology before becoming adoctor.
In 1697 he defended his thesis: The Relationship in the Management of Diseases Between the Happiness of the Doctor and the Obedience of the Patient. He became well known for his stand against the
“bleeding barber surgeons”
and he worked tirelessly to limit their venues. 247
He has cemented his place in the history of surgery simply because the word Orthopaedic came from him. The picture of a tree being supported by a post to encourage it to grow strait and now used as an emblem for many organisations aligned to Orthopaedics.
The orthopaedic profession in Andry's days were mainly concerned with the treatment of conditions such as Ricketts and such, these conditions when caught early were treatable using the splints developed at the time. He wrote a book in two volumes called L'Orthopedia which was published in 1741 just before his death.