A son of Asclepius by Epeione or, according to others, a son of Poseidon. He was married to Anticleia, the daughter of Diocles. In the Trojan war Machaon appears as the surgeon of the Greeks,the early Greeks and Romans used vegetable and mineral styptics on wounds received in battle; it was with these that Macheon ministered to Menelaus during the battle of Troy, with his brother Podaleirius who was a physician, they had gone to Troy with thirty ships, commanding the men who came from Tricca, Ithome, and Oechalia. Unlike today where doctors keep clear of actual combat, in those days everyone was a warrior first. Homer says he was wounded by Paris, but was carried from the field of battle by Nestor.

Later writers mention him as one of the Greek heroes that were concealed in the wooden horse. He was said to have been killed by Eurypylus, the son of Telephus,(although some say he was killed by the Amazon Queen Penthesileia) and his remains were carried to Messenia by Nestor. His tomb was believed to be at Gerenia, in Messenia, where a sanctuary was dedicated to him, in which sick persons sought relief of their sufferings. It was there that Glaucus, the son of Aepytus, was believed to have first paid him heroic honours. 223 


"Meanwhile Achilles was standing by the stern of his ship watching the defeat of the Greeks, but when he saw Machaon being carried past, sorely wounded, in the chariot of Nestor, he bade his friend Patroclus, whom he loved better than all the rest, Togo and ask how Machaon did." 275




Ken True History of Surgery and Anaesthesia