The PioneersThe MilitaryReferences


Francis John Murphy 1900-1972

Francis John Murphy was born in Oldham, South Dakota. He was educated in Alberta Canada and studied at Magill University in Montreal. As with many other anaesthetist of the time, when the call to war came he enlisted in the American Navy in 1942.

He however suggested  the “Murphy eye” in 1941, this is the hole that you commonly see at the right tip of the endotracheal tube, between the leading edge of the bevel and the cuff.  it was taken on by Magill  and all his design of endotracheal tubes had them. The Term Murphy's Eye is well understood today, even though the inventor is not well known in the historical circle

 Frank Murphy retired and moved to Idaho, to live his dream and be a cattle rancher. he  was however diagnosed with carcinoma of the bladder, and died after only two years. he is buried alongside his wife in Idaho.