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EGYPT

Imhotep

Imhotep which means, "the one who comes in peace" was believed to be a commoner by birth. The Turin Papyri records him being the son of the God Ptar, who was God of the craftsman.

Imhotep's intelligence and determination enabled him to rise through the ranks to become one of the king's most trusted advisors and Vizier Prime Minister of all Egypt second only to the King.36

Since the release of the Boris Karloff film the Mummy in the 1930s, Imhotep has been misrepresented, he has understanderbly received very bad press. He is depicFamine Stellated as the lover of the Pharaohs wife and Holywood in general, has slated him and cast him as the bad guy.

This is of course completely fictional. Also there have been those who would suggest that Imhotep was the original Joseph of the coat of many colours.

The Upper Egyptian, "Famine Stella" (left) dating from the Ptolemaic period, bears an inscription containing a legend about a famine of seven years during the reign of Djoser. 

Imhotep is the one credited with ending it: one of his priests explained the connection between the God Khunum and the rise of the Nile to the king, who then had a dream in which the Nile God spoke to him, promising to end the drought.

The parallels with the biblical story of Joseph have long been commented upon. More recently, the Joseph parallels have led some historians to identify Imhotep as Joseph, and to argue that the supposedly thousand years separating them, are indicative of a faulty chronology.

He was it seems the personal physician to King Djoser and lived in about 2600 BC.

He was the Architect of the Step pyramid at Saqqara and as such the father of Egyptian Pyramid construction, as this is believed to be the first Pyramid to have been built in Egypt.

Imhotep was considered so important that he was, after his death, worshipped as the god of medicine in the same way as the Greek Physician Asclepius was 1200 years later. There are those who even dare suggest that he should be considered the father of medicine.

 

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By 3000 B.C. the art of Egypt was so ripe and so far advanced that it is surprising to find any student of early culture proposing that the crude contemporary art of the early Babylonians is the product of a civilization earlier than that of the Nile 37