The Age of Discovery
Jules Germain Cloquet (1790–1883)
Shortly before the death of Hickman the
first recorded painless operation using Hypnosis was performed by
Jules Cloquet in 1829.Jules Germain Cloquet was a French surgeon who practiced medicine in Paris as the
Chirurgien en chef adjoint at the Hospital St. Louis. 159 at the age of 31, Jules Cloquet was one of the youngest members of
the Académie Nationale de Médecine in Paris.
Cloquet had the same sort of reputation as Sir Ashley Cooper his
English counterpart, known for his work with hernial disorders. He
was also the first to describe and identify the remnant of the
embryonic hyaloid artery.160 this vestige was to become known as Cloquet's canal.
Cloquet's name is also associated with three anatomical terms
regarding the femoral canal:
1. Cloquet's hernia: a hernia of the femoral canal
2. Cloquet's septum: a fibrous membrane bounding the annulus
femoralis at the base of the femoral canal
3. Cloquet's gland: small lymphatic nodes in the femoral canal 158
Cloquet was a skilled artist; in his best-known work, Anatomie de
l'homme, most of the 1300 illustrations were drawn by him. He
illustrated most of the images himself. He was the inventor of
several surgical instruments, including an arterial forceps.
He also had a keen interest in alternative medical practices such as
mesmerism, acupuncture but his responses to Henry Hill Hickman’s
ideas were not known. His continued use of hypnosis was rarely
successful but however, mesmerism, as it was known was the technique
more widely experimented and used for surgical pain relief than any
In 1831 Samuel Guthrie US, Souberian (France) and von Liebig
(Germany who is more famous for discovering OXO cubes) all
simultaneously discovered chloroform.
"Only medical hypnosis is capable of opening
up amnesia." 161