The Age of Science
Industrialisation During the early part of the 19th century, the west started to see improvements to its economy. In the United Kingdom, the money was coming in from all of its territories throughout the world. The raw materials were being turned into mass produced products that were then being exported worldwide. The Industrial revolution was in fall swing, there was now more money to pay for medical and surgical care.
The doctor now became a necessity not only for just the high class society but also for the factory owner who was employing a doctor to keep his workers healthy so that production did not slow. The consequence of this is that more people turned to the medical profession as the salary's that could be earned were quite generous.
On a like for like basis the doctors never faired as well as the Solicitors and barristers and apart from a very few, were not given a great deal of respect by the ruling and aristocratic classes. With this said however came a process to only let the best qualify as it was a competitive profession, in short the candidates and the training got better and tougher. The rewards for those successful candidates were however good, with those who ventured for the prime practice premises in the midst of the wealth few, done very well finacially.In America the training that was required like Britain, was expensive, so only a privileged few could undertake training. Some opted for dentistry where no formal training was required, although there were those who undertook formal training which was a lot less of a burden on the wallet than medicine. It was the dentists who strangely enough decided to pursue a remedy for the pain that they created when they pulled a poor clients tooth. In some cases they managed only to pull off the crown of the tooth and leave all the broken roots in. The pain increased in their jaw and also in their wallet as the cost was the same as no guarantee was ever given of complete remedy. This I believe increased the searching for a adequate pain relieving agent by dentists during this period. In surgery, the experiments continued, it was all about who is quick enough to perform the procedure before the patient bled to death or died in agony. The quicker you were the more chance you had of succeeding in having a live patient at the end of the procedure. It is unfortunate however that infection claimed as many as the surgery. The idea of pain completely being removed was wished for by the good surgeons, as they could improve their techniques and save many more lives by not rushing. This was not really the wish held by the fast bad surgeons. In their mind the operation was successful if the patient was breathing at the end of the procedure.