The National Health Service
Lord Dawson's plan lacked political feasibility. All doctors relied on private fees or insurance payments through the panel system and resented the idea of becoming salaried employees of the state. The idea was seen at the time as costly and never got off the ground. How ever in London in the next decades it was tested.
Lord Dawson in his report, advised that Primary Health Centres had one or two 16 bed wards (including maternity); clinics; operating room; radiography; laboratory; dispensary; baths (including hydrotherapy); equipment for physical culture (physiotherapy) massage and electricity; public mortuary and common room for training and clinical records.
The report also recommends that the hospital has ambulances to convey the sick, and also to provide travelling clinics. The Primary Care Centre was also to have communal services, such as child welfare, pre-natal care, medical inspection and treatment of school children and a service for occupational diseases. In addition to these services, the Centre would provide dental clinics and pharmacy.
Lord Dawson died in 1945 and will possibly be remembered more for overdosing King George V with morphine to suit publication deadlines of the newspapers, than his vision of the NHS, cynical I know, but he did support Euthanasia.74
William Beverage 1869-1963
In 1941, the government commissioned William Beveridge to report into the ways that Britain should be rebuilt after World War Two; Beveridge was an obvious choice to take charge. He published his report in 1942 and recommended that the government should find ways of fighting the five 'Giant Evils' of
'Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness'.
After the defeat of Germany the country held elections with the Labour party defeating the wartime Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The newly elected Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, proposed the introduction of the welfare state which Beveridge outlined in his Report.
This included the establishment of a National Health Service in 1948 with free medical treatment for all from cradle to grave. This came into being on the 5th July 1948, when Bevin opened Park Hospital in Manchester.