The Age of Discovery

Jules Germain Cloquet (1790–1883)

Shortly before the death of Hickman the first recorded painless operation using Hypnosis was performed by Jules Cloquet in 1829.Jules Germain Cloquet was a French surgeon who practiced medicine in Paris as the Chirurgien en chef adjoint at the Hospital St. Louis at the age of 31, Jules Cloquet was one of the youngest members of the Académie Nationale de Médecine in Paris.145
Cloquet had the same sort of reputation as Sir Ashley Cooper his English counterpart, known for his work with hernial disorders. He was also the first to describe and identify the remnant of the embryonic hyaloid artery,
this vestige was to become known as Cloquet's canal.
Cloquet's name is also associated with three anatomical terms regarding the femoral canal:

1. Cloquet's hernia: a hernia of the femoral canal
2. Cloquet's septum: a fibrous membrane bounding the annulus femoralis at the base of the femoral canal
3. Cloquet's gland: small lymphatic nodes in the femoral canal

Cloquet was a skilled artist; in his best-known work, Anatomie de l'homme, most of the 1300 illustrations were drawn by him. He illustrated most of the images himself. He was the inventor of several surgical instruments, including an arterial forceps.
He also had a keen interest in alternative medical practices such as mesmerism, acupuncture but his responses to Henry Hill Hickman’s ideas were not known. His continued use of hypnosis was rarely successful but however, mesmerism, as it was known was the technique more widely experimented and used for surgical pain relief than any other.

In 1831 Samuel Guthrie US, Souberian (France) and von Liebig (Germany who is more famous for discovering OXO cubes) all simultaneously discovered chloroform.


"Only medical hypnosis is capable of opening up amnesia."147




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