Egyptian History


A wall scene at a Mastaba which means literally Stone Bench at Saqqara shows a physician (some say was a Priest or Vizier ) by the name of Ankh Mahor. The doorway does suggest a connection between medicine and religion and was excavated by Victor Loret in 1899. It shows Ankh Mahor treating two patients with foot problems, the text reads do not let it be painful”

this certainly suggests that they had given some sort of anaesthetic or-analgesic potion to null the pain. 

Later in the fourth century BC, the centre of medical excellence was not Cos, the home of Hippocrates. It was to be found at the great centre of Greek learning at Alexandria, founded in 331 BC by Alexander the Great and governed by a dynasty stemming from his great general, Ptolemy. 

Financial support was given to the library and museum at Alexandria, which-consequently attracted researchers in all fields. Medical research in the Alexandrian museum became world-renowned. Tragically the Library was destroyed by fire and most of the contents were lost. The Egyptians mastered the art of bone setting but were primarily a race of druggists. 

Incredible today the great structure that are the Pyramids still stand today, although ravaged by thieves and time they are still a marvellous site to behold. When you stand at the base of the Great Pyramid and look up, you realise what a marvel of engineering these are.



“The metaphor of the king as the shepherd of his people goes back to ancient Egypt. The use of this particular convention is due to the fact that, being stupid, affectionate, gregarious, and easily stampeded, the societies formed by sheep are most like human ones.” 45



About This Site

The History of Surgery and Anaesthesia was created as a free resource to educate Students or indeed anyone wishing to understand the beginings of surgery and Anaesthesia.

Get in Touch