The Pioneers

Robert Boyle (1627-1691)

Robert Boyle was one of the most significant of British scientists. More than anyone else, he invented the modern experimental method.

His profuse published findings on pneumatics, chemistry and many other scientific topics were widely influential in providing empirical support for a mechanical view of nature.


He also wrote books on the philosophical aspects of science, and on religion. He was a founding member of the Royal Society, and was the most senior of that body in its formative years. 

Robert Boyle is familiar to Anaesthetics because of his Gas laws; it was he who also synthesized ether with a lesser-known scientist by the name of Mayow who defined nitro-aerial spirit (oxygen) (1674).

The writings of Robert Boyle advance the thesis that Christianity in seventeenth- century England advocated and facilitated scientific development.


As a scientist and theologian, he rejected the popular view that the Bible was a scientific textbook and yet believed in the absolute harmony between scientific statements in the Bible and experimental science.


Conflicts between the two were explained as either a mistake in science or an incorrect interpretation of Scripture.239

Boyles Law 1662: At constant temperature the volume of a gas in inversely proportional to the pressure




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The History of Surgery and Anaesthesia was created as a free resource to educate Students or indeed anyone wishing to understand the beginings of surgery and Anaesthesia.

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