C Section

Caesarean Section

C section has been part of human culture since ancient times and there are tales in both Western and non-Western cultures of this procedure resulting in live mothers and their offspring.

This however would and is hard to believe as the mother would surly bleed to death or die of infection or pain. According to Greek mythology Apollo removed Aesculapius from his mother's womb via section.
Numerous references to caesarean section appear in ancient Hindu, Egyptian, Grecian, Roman, and other European folklore.

Ancient Chinese etchings depict the procedure on apparently living women.
The Mischnagoth and Talmud prohibited primogeniture when twins were born by caesarean section and waived the purification rituals for women delivered by surgery.

The origin of the name is obscure, but may derive from Roman law called Lex Regia from 715 BC (also called Lex Caesare or Caesarean Law), which states that if a woman with an advanced pregnancy died, the infant should be delivered soon after her death, i.e. the body could not be buried until the child had been removed.
The Christian church favoured the operation, being concerned with the saving of souls and lives.
If the baby was alive, this operation would produce a living child able to be baptised. The term originates from the Latin
“caesum” meaning having been cut and the term “caesomes”, referring to the infants born by post-mortem operation.

It could not be performed in a living woman until the tenth month of gestation, as the mother would not survive the operation, and consequently it was rarely undertaken.
It is also believed that caesarean law as it was known forbade the pregnant mother to be buried / cremated with the foetus in her womb.
It is not true however, that Julius Caesar was born by caesarean section, as there is evidence that his mother Aurelia was alive during his early years.
Aurelia was still alive when he invaded Britain. She would have perished if they had sectioned her


"Veni, Vidi, Vici" the chant of the Romans We came we saw we conquered this was the famous saying of 55BC, when Julius Caesar's invasion of Britain was greeted in Rome as a triumph of the Roman military war machine. It was however in reality not really achieved it is true to say that the Danes, Norsemen and Vikings should have been credited with that saying and this all done 600 years later. He did not conquer Britannia. He led raids on the southeast coast in 55 and 54 BC and managed to gain some tribute in exchange for hostages.

In AD43, however, Claudius invaded Britain; each of his cohorts included a surgeon and a physician. It was as a direct result of the Roman occupation after the invasion that the first hospitals were set up in Britain, not hospitals, as we know them today, but a primitive type of nursing convalescent home. These were called Valetudinarians.64 It was here where the sick and wounded were conveyed after a battle. This was the major contribution to Medicine from Rome, the establishment of a form of hospital system. Each military camp had its own Valetudinarian to accommodate the sick and wounded. Today’s military would recognize this as a Medical Reception Station (MRS). After the Roman legions left Britain the Valetudinarians all but disappeared, only in Wales was there any resemblance to the Roman medical style facility, as there is a mention of the Medici attached to the Kings of Wales.

On Roman walls throughout Britain and the old Roman Empire, there are several mentions of Roman Surgeons; in Britain there is a special mention to one Ancius Ingenuus who was Medical Officer to the Tungrian Cohort.65

Rome remained an important and powerful nation long after the death of Christ, said to have been founded in 700 BC by Romulus and Remus, it was eventually destroyed as a world power when Alaric the Goth entered the city in 410 ad. Although the Eastern Roman Empire run from Constantinople (now Istanbul) carried on for several centuries, as a mighty empire it was finished.



"It is part of human nature to hate the man you have hurt."68




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The History of Surgery and Anaesthesia was created as a free resource to educate Students or indeed anyone wishing to understand the beginings of surgery and Anaesthesia.

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